Green Hydrogen 101: Exploring the Fundamentals and Essentials

Green Hydrogen 101: Exploring the Fundamentals and Essentials

Global climate change is escalating, with the year 2023 witnessing record-breaking global temperatures and devastating floods, the need for clean energy solutions has never been more intense. In simple terms, climate change has already cast a long shadow, pleading us to rethink our energy sources and probably shift to an alternative renewable energy. Hence, a glimmer of hope emerges in the form of green hydrogen. Produced with renewable energy sources like solar and wind power, this clean-burning fuel has the potential to decarbonize several hard-to-abate industries and move us closer to a sustainable future.

In this blog, we delve deep into the fundamentals and essentials of green hydrogen, exploring its production process, applications, benefits, and the challenges it faces on the path to widespread adoption aka., the A-Z of green hydrogen.

The Significance of Green Hydrogen in the Battle Against Climate Change

There is a clear need for a clean energy revolution. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has released a dire report that highlights the need to keep global warming to 1.5°C over pre-industrial levels to prevent disastrous consequences. Fossil fuels need to be phased out as soon as possible as it is the main source of greenhouse gas emissions and that is why green hydrogen is the correct option.

1) Storage of Renewable Energy: Green Hydrogen acts as a great option as renewable energy storage battery, allowing excess solar, wind or hydro power to be stored for later use. To ensure a harmonious supply of energy and integrate renewable energy (RE) sources into the grid, this flexibility is extremely essential.

2) Versatile Applications: The potential of GH2 goes well beyond the generation of electricity. It can power fuel cell cars, transform the steel industry and other industrial processes, and even offer environmentally friendly building heating options. Because of its adaptability, it becomes an essential tool for addressing emissions in a several tough-to-abate sectors.

3) No Emissions: When burned, green hydrogen produced with renewable energy sources like solar power, wind power etc., it produces no greenhouse gases or air pollutants, in contrast to its fossil fuel counterparts, making it the most suitable fuel.

Fundamentals of Green Hydrogen Production

The production of green hydrogen involves a simple process called electrolysis. During electrolysis, an electric current is passed through water, splitting it into hydrogen and oxygen. The electrolysis equation is represented as follows:

2 H2O – O2 + 2 H2

An electrolyte membrane separates the anode and cathode in an electrolyzer, where this reaction takes place. Here, the electrolyzer is powered by renewable energy (RE), which speeds up the breakdown of water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen.

The Worldwide Surge in Green Hydrogen:

Governments and companies, globally, are increasing their investments in the green hydrogen sector as they realize its enormous potential. Here are a few noteworthy developments:

1) Europe: In order to help decarbonize the EU in an economical manner and lessen its reliance on imported fossil fuels, the country has proposed a comprehensive framework to support the uptake of renewable and low-carbon hydrogen through its hydrogen strategy and REPowerEU plan. So, the development of green hydrogen is the EU’s top priority, with a target of 10 million tonnes production and 10 million tonnes import by 2030.

2) Japan: This island nation, which depends largely on imported fossil fuels, is actively exploring green hydrogen solutions and its derivatives with the goal of using it to power 30% of its homes by the year 2050.

3) India: The Indian government has embarked on a transformative initiative known as the National Hydrogen Mission, designed to propel India to the forefront of green hydrogen production and utilization worldwide. This ambitious target underscores the country’s commitment to combating climate change, fostering energy independence, and driving sustainable economic growth.

4) Australia: The country has the world’s largest pipeline and is reviewing its National Hydrogen Strategy, with the goal of becoming a global green hydrogen leader by Since the release of Australia National Hydrogen Strategy in 2019, there has been $127 billion in announced green hydrogen investment in Australia. This includes over 15 projects that have received final investment decisions (FIDs) and more than 80 announced renewable hydrogen projects.

Opportunities and Challenges: Defining the Future of Green Hydrogen

Green hydrogen has a lot of potential, but in order to utilize it to its full potential, we need to overcome a few hiccups such as:

1) Expensive Production: At the present moment, green hydrogen is more costly to produce than its counterparts that traditionally use fossil fuels. However, it is projected that in the upcoming years, the cost will drop up to a certain percentage due to economies of scale and the quick technological development.

2) Public Awareness and Policy Support: Raising public awareness and implementing supportive policies are critical for increasing the overall demand and increase the quick adoption of green hydrogen.

3) Infrastructure Development: By developing the correct infrastructure required for large-scale green hydrogen production, storage, and transportation will be a boon as it will increase the adoption and further help a country export the excess production to other countries.

4) Safety Concern: It is a highly volatile and flammable element, necessitating extensive safety precautions to avoid leakage and explosions.


In conclusion, the magical fuel – green hydrogen, has a huge potential as a clean, versatile, and sustainable energy source. By addressing technical, economic, and regulatory challenges, stakeholders can unleash its transformative power and speed up the transition to a greener, more sustainable energy landscape. As global efforts to combat climate change intensify, green hydrogen is poised to play a critical role in shaping a cleaner and a brighter future for all.

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India’s 75th Republic Day: A Route Towards a ‘Viksit Bharat’ fueled by Green Energy

India’s 75th Republic Day: A Route Towards a ‘Viksit Bharat’ fueled by Green Energy

Happy Republic Day to all my fellow Bharatiyas! Today, on this 75th Republic Day of Bharat, as the tricolor flutters against the blue sky, the country is on the verge of ushering in a new era marked by ‘Viksit Bharat’, a call to action for an empowered and developed Bharat. ‘Viksit’ literally translated to development and India is in the race to be a developed country by the year 2047- a timeline which is considered Amrit Kaal by our honorable PM Shri Narendra Modi.

This day is not just about remembering the past; it’s a celebration of our unity, the sacrifices of our valiant freedom fighters, and our journey towards becoming the world’s fourth-largest economy. Bharat’s journey since independence has been marked by remarkable dynamism such as:

  • Honoring Our Heroes: Today, we bow in gratitude to those who fought for our independence. Their bravery and sacrifices have shaped a democratic Bharat, where every citizen’s voice is heard, and every dream has the potential to soar. Their enduring spirit and vision for a free Bharat keep inspiring us as we step into an era of growth and prosperity.
  • A Mosaic of Cultures: Bharat stands as a unique blend of diverse cultures, languages, and beliefs. This Republic Day, we celebrate this diversity, which is the core of our strength and identity. It is this rich cultural fabric that makes Bharat exceptional. As Bharat marches forward on the path of development, we continue to uphold and celebrate this diversity that binds us.
  • Economic Leap: From a shaky economy, Bharat has soared to become the world’s 5th largest, with a GDP projected to touch $5 trillion by 2025. This rapid growth translates to rising living standards, with per capita income expected to double by 2030.
  • Digital Transformation: Bharat’s digital transformation is booming. With more than 50% of the population already connected to the internet, helping everyone, especially the youth, get involved in the digital world. This “Digital India” push is making life easier for people and sparking new entrepreneurship ideas.
  • Infrastructure Triumph: The country’s landscape is being traversed by a network of national roadways, airports, and ports. The ambitious Sagarmala and Bharatmala Pariyojana projects aim to open new economic corridors and transform connectivity.
  • Educational Upsurge: A strong education system has contributed to the rise in literacy rates to over 78%. Prominent Indian universities, such as IITs and IISc, produce highly qualified workers who drive scientific progress.
  • Commitment to a Sustainable Future: In homage to our freedom fighters, we pledge to pursue energy independence. Embracing renewable energy, like solar and wind power, is not just a strategic choice but a moral obligation. As Bharat grows, we aim to be pioneers in green technology, proving that economic development and environmental responsibility can coexist harmoniously.

Viksit Bharat – A Vision for Sustainable Development

But the real development of India also depends on energy availability, and it will definitely bridge the gap from “developing” to “developed” as the country’s economic leap is intertwined with its green ambition. Already the world’s fourth largest producer of renewable energy, India has set ambitious targets for the future. By 2030, the nation aims for 50% of its electricity to come from non-fossil fuels, a five-fold increase from its current share. This shift is reflected in the staggering growth of solar and wind power. Solar capacity has exploded from a humble 2.6 GW in 2014 to a colossal 72.3 GW in 2023, making India a global leader in the sector. Wind power, too, has witnessed a remarkable rise, boasting a current capacity of 44.5 GW.

But India’s renewable energy story goes beyond mere GWs. The government is actively spearheading innovative initiatives like the National Hydrogen Mission, aiming to make India a global hub for green hydrogen production. Renewables are attracting billions in investments, creating new jobs, and fostering a thriving ecosystem of entrepreneurs and innovators.

Today, let’s parade together towards a “Viksit Bharat” built on clean energy, where development and sustainability go hand in hand. Let the 75th Republic Day be the dawn of a new era, where every citizen aims towards “Viksit Bharat” – a developed, inclusive, and thriving India, marching toward a sustainable future

The power of Indian Youth in Transforming the World’s Future

The power of Indian Youth in Transforming the World’s Future

Across the world, a generation is multiplying rapidly which is passionate, informed, and brimming with potential. This is the generation of young people a.k.a., the youth of India, and their power to transform India and the world’s future is undeniable.

The youth of today’s era is equipped with a potent blend of dedication, energy, and young perspectives. Their fearless ability to question conventional thinking, challenge traditional norms, and think creatively is an asset that can revolutionize the way we address social, economic, and environmental issues.

Demographic Advantage:

With 66% of its population below the age of 35, India has the world’s largest youth population which is extremely crucial for progress and success of a nation. This demography isn’t just a number; it’s a vibrant tapestry of aspirations, dreams, and transformative potential. This demographic dividend, if harnessed effectively, can propel the nation towards extraordinary growth and expansion. To harness this immense potential, it is extremely crucial to channelize their energy towards constructive avenues and provide them with the necessary aid and platforms for self-expression.

Education and Skill Development:

As Nelson Mandela quoted “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” The foundation of India’s future will be having access to high-quality education that is adapted to the changing demands of the 21st century. With advancements in technologies, the youth of India have relevant access to immediate information, and by equipping them with relevant skills, they can contribute significantly to sectors like sustainable development, AI, and data science.

Global Association:

The world is a global village and the well interconnected world of today provides young people of India with abundant global opportunities to connect, collaborate, and learn from global experiences. By fostering international collaborations, the youth can gain exposure to diverse perspectives and best practices, contributing to a more holistic and across-the-border approach towards problem-solving.

Youth Are the Catalysts for Change

The younger generation in India is growing more and more influential in promoting social justice and driving global association. They are strongly impacted by issues such as social justice, gender equality, and climate change. They are using social media and grassroots movements to amp up their collective voice. Their ardor for social causes has the power to promote inclusivity and change cultural norms.

To conclude, Indian youth’s power to transform the country and the world’s future is undeniably immense. By harnessing their energy, creativity, and passion, the country can combat challenges and come to the fore as a global leader in various fields. It is imperative for society, government, and educational institutions to provide the necessary support and platforms for the youth to thrive, ensuring a brighter and more sustainable future for generations to come. The time is now for India to unleash the full potential of its young population and chart a path towards being a global leader.